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10 October, 2017
The evolution of the cities begun from “wired Cities,” going through “virtual cities,” to “intelligent cities,” “information cities,” “digital cities,” “sustainable green cities,” and then “smart cities.” Currently, specialists are talking about smart sustainable cities.
Cities have a major impact on the economic and social development of nations. They are genuine platforms where people live, where companies have their business and in which numerous services are provided. What’s more, they are the major centers of consumption of resources. Currently, cities consume 75% of the world’s resources and energy and generate 80% of greenhouse gases, occupying only 2% of the world’s territory
As per estimates, about 25–30 people will migrate every minute to major Indian cities from rural areas in search of better livelihood and better lifestyles. With this momentum, about 843 million people are expected to live in urban areas by 2050. To accommodate this massive urbanization, India needs to find smarter ways to manage complexities, reduce expenses, increase efficiency and improve the quality of life.
For rapid urbanization, the answer lies in making cities “smarter” by efficient management of resources and infrastructure, greener environment, and smart governance resulting in a better quality of living of its citizens.
The vision to set up 100 smart cities across the country soon intends to promote adoption of smart solutions for efficiency use of available assets, resources and infrastructure
PURPOSE AND THE MISSION:
The Smart Cities Mission, is to promote cities that provide core infrastructure and give a decent quality of life to its citizens, a clean and sustainable environment and application of ‘Smart’ Solution.
Purpose of the smart cities could be also to drive economic growth and area‐based development in order to build a clean and sustainable environment, enhance incomes for all, support disadvantaged persons, or to make the governance of the city more transparent.
THE CORE INFRASTRUCTURE ELEMENTS OF A SMART CITY:
Smart Cities India is all set to become the most-populous country in the world by 2030, making it the home to the biggest and the most under-penetrated market for global manufacturers and service providers. Unlike its preceding generations, this growing population is also shifting to top tier cities of the country giving rise to new megacities estimated to generate 80% of economic growth, with potential to apply modern technologies and infrastructure, promoting better use of scarce resources.
THE ROLE OF COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES IN BUILDING FUTURE SMART CITIES:
India has the third largest Internet population in the world today, after China with 620 million, and the US with 275 million. It took 20 years from the introduction of the Internet to reach 100 million users. The second 1 The Internet class of 2018 will be more rural, older, more gender-equal, more mobile, and more vernacular than their counterparts of today. Rural users which will be the Internet population of the future, is expected to rise from 29 percent in 2013 to between 40 and 50 percent in 2018. Thus, the rural area seems to be catching up with digital quiet swiftly. By 2018, the rural population will stand on an equal footing with the urban population in terms of internet usage and accessibility.
Therefore, the smart city project needs to be designed wisely, considering the local population as the key point. Also, it has to be careful as to not widen the already present gulf between the rural and the urban class. A nation should progress taking all its citizens along, irrespective of class differences, and catering to everyone’s need equally.
As much as the vision of smart cities is incredible and rational, its implementation on India at the given socio-economic condition, might be a tad bit difficult. However, as a fast developing economy, the country needs to keep up with the global standards. Hence, the execution of this plan could make India take a major leap in the race of development.
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